Effect of the N-terminus on heme cavity structure, ligand equilibrium, rate constants, and reduction potentials of nitrophorin 2 from Rhodnius prolixus.
|Title||Effect of the N-terminus on heme cavity structure, ligand equilibrium, rate constants, and reduction potentials of nitrophorin 2 from Rhodnius prolixus.|
|Publication Type||Journal Article|
|Year of Publication||2007|
|Authors||Berry RE, Shokhireva T K, Filippov I, Shokhirev MN, Zhang H, Walker AF|
|Date Published||2007 Jun 12|
|Keywords||Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Heme, Hemeproteins, Kinetics, Models, Molecular, Molecular Sequence Data, Oxidation-Reduction, Peptide Fragments, Protein Conformation, Recombinant Proteins, Rhodnius, Salivary Proteins and Peptides|
The D1A mutant of recombinant NP2 has been prepared and shown to have the expression-initiation methionine-0 cleaved during expression in E. coli, as is the case for recombinant NP4, where Ala is the first amino acid for the recombinant protein as well as for the mature native protein. The heme substituent 1H NMR chemical shifts of NP2-D1A and those of its imidazole, N-methylimidazole, and cyanide complexes are rather different from those of NP2-M0D1. This difference is likely due to the much smaller size of the N-terminal amino acid (A) of NP2-D1A, which allows the formation of the closed loop form of this protein, as it does for NP4 (Weichsel, A., Andersen, J. F., Roberts, S. A., and Montfort, W. R. (2000) Nature Struct. Biol. 7, 551-554). The ratio of the two hemin rotational isomers A and B is different for the two proteins, and the rate at which the A:B ratio reaches equilibrium is strikingly different (NP2-M0D1 t1/2 for heme rotation approximately 2 h, NP2-D1A t1/2 approximately 43 h). This difference is consistent with the high stability of the closed loop form of the NP2-D1A protein and infrequent opening of the loops that could allow heme to at least partially exit the binding pocket in order to rotate about its alpha,gamma-meso axis. Consistent with this, the rates of histamine binding and release to/from NP2-D1A are significantly slower than those for NP2-M0D1 at pH 7.5. This work suggests that care must be taken in interpreting data obtained from proteins that carry the expression-initiation M0.