Improving gene annotation using peptide mass spectrometry.

TitleImproving gene annotation using peptide mass spectrometry.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsTanner S, Shen Z, Ng J, Florea L, Guig├│ R, Briggs SP, Bafna V
JournalGenome Res
Date Published2007 Feb
KeywordsAlgorithms, Alternative Splicing, Amino Acid Sequence, Databases, Protein, Exons, Genetic Techniques, Humans, Introns, Mass Spectrometry, Molecular Sequence Data, Peptides, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide, Protein Array Analysis, Proteomics, Sequence Alignment

Annotation of protein-coding genes is a key goal of genome sequencing projects. In spite of tremendous recent advances in computational gene finding, comprehensive annotation remains a challenge. Peptide mass spectrometry is a powerful tool for researching the dynamic proteome and suggests an attractive approach to discover and validate protein-coding genes. We present algorithms to construct and efficiently search spectra against a genomic database, with no prior knowledge of encoded proteins. By searching a corpus of 18.5 million tandem mass spectra (MS/MS) from human proteomic samples, we validate 39,000 exons and 11,000 introns at the level of translation. We present translation-level evidence for novel or extended exons in 16 genes, confirm translation of 224 hypothetical proteins, and discover or confirm over 40 alternative splicing events. Polymorphisms are efficiently encoded in our database, allowing us to observe variant alleles for 308 coding SNPs. Finally, we demonstrate the use of mass spectrometry to improve automated gene prediction, adding 800 correct exons to our predictions using a simple rescoring strategy. Our results demonstrate that proteomic profiling should play a role in any genome sequencing project.

PubMed URL
Alternate TitleGenome Res.
PubMed ID17189379